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【翻译练习提高英语】之2,Learn English Vocabulary

大家好:
这是新的一篇志愿者同学翻译的文章,翻译的很不错,个别Luke自己觉得不是很合适的地方,Luke用红色指出,蓝色描述了一下,如果你认为Luke说的不合适,咱可以来讨论。

Luke


Learn English Vocabulary

英语词汇学习

When you learn English vocabulary, you will be able to communicate in what many consider to be a global language. It is the de facto official language of the Internet world. And the Internet, as you may know, is the world's largest marketplace that is going to be a part of everyone's psyche in the near future. The efforts you are making today will pay off very well in the long run..

英语已被公认为是世界语言,当您掌握了英语词汇,您将可跟不同的人沟通。它已经是互联网世界事实上的官方语言。并且,正如您可能知道的那样,互联网是全球最大的市场;在不久的将来,它也将成为每个人精神的一部分。今天您长期所付出的努力将会得到很好的回报。

Luke说:

1、be able to翻译成‘将可’既不符合英文习惯,也不是很好的汉语说法,直接翻译为‘就可以’就可以了。

2、psyche我也没有太多的把握翻译成什么,但我觉得作者是表达‘互联网这个市场是每个人都会考虑到的’

3、long run是将来、最后的意思。这里的翻译成‘长期的努力’是不对的,原文的意思是‘你今天付出的努力将来会有回报的’


 

Learning English vocabulary is a real challenge.  English grew from so many ancient languages -- Arabic, Chinese, Sanskrit even -- that it is not always consistent.  There is a strong influence of Germanic languages and Romantic languages too. 

学习英语词汇确实是一种挑战。英语由多种古代语言发展而来(包括阿拉伯语、汉语,甚至是梵语),这并非总是一致的。英语也受到日耳曼语和浪漫主义语言的强烈影响。


Luke说:

1、这句话的意思是英语吸纳了很多外语的词汇,吸取的时候还不是很系统、不连续,使得学习就更困难了。这个consistent要翻译出这个意思才好。

2、Romantic指的是‘罗马语系’,关于语系,我还得哪天仔细看看,整理一个文档发给大家。

 

Don't try to learn 50 or 100 English words all at once. When you learn English vocabulary in small chunks, you will discover that the new words will become part of your "working" vocabulary much faster.  And, just think -- learning just 3 new words a day for a year means that you will have learned about 1,000 new English vocabulary words!  Keep track of your progress and you will amaze yourself on how much you will learn.

不要试图一下子学会50甚至100个英文单词。当您分批的进行学习,您将会发现这些新单词会更快的为您所用。试想,即使每天只掌握3个新单词,持续一年,您的词汇量也会增加大约1000!注意记录您的学习进展,您将会为自己所学到内容量而震惊。

Luke说:

1、when翻译的有点生硬,翻译成‘在’就挺好的。

2、最后一句话的意思是当你看到自己的学习记录,一段时间之后发现竟然学习到了这么多东西啊。这个意境要表达出来。keep track翻译的很好。

 

Learning vocabulary is a basic tool to improve your English .There are at least 500,000 words in English.  The native English speaker uses an average of 5,000 words in his/her everyday speech. And only 50 words make up 45% of everything written in English.

学习词汇是提高英语水平的基本手段。至少有50万个英文单词,以英语为母语的人在日常用语中平均使用5千个单词。所有的英文作品中,50个最常用的单词占了其总词汇量的45%

Luke说:

1、everyday speech是日常对话的意思,译作‘日常用语’有些不贴切。

So, there are many words you don’t need at all and there are other words that you simply need to understand when you read or hear them .Finally, there are words which you need to be able to use yourself.   Clearly You need to spend most learning this last group.

所以,很多单词您根本不需要了解,另外一些您只需要在阅读或听说时简单了解其含义。最后,您需要能自行运用一些单词。很明显,您需要把主要精力在用于学习最后一类词汇。


 

What Learning A New English Word Means

It is not enough just to know the meaning of a word . You also need to know:

  • what words it is usually associated with,

  • whether it has any grammatical characteristics, and

  • how it is pronounced.

学会一个新单词意味着什么

只是知道一个单词的含义是不够的。您还需要知道:

  • 它通常跟哪些单词有关,

  • 它是否有任何语法特性,并且

  • 它是怎样发音的。


 

Try to learn new words not in isolation but in phrases.

  • Write down adjectives with nouns they are associated with and vice versa, e.g. royal family; rich vocabulary.

  • Write down verbs with the structure and nouns associated with them, e.g. to express an opinion

  • Jot down nouns in phrases, e.g. in contact with; a train set ; shades of opinion.

  • Write down words with prepositions, such as, at a high level; thanks to your help.

不要孤立的学习新词汇,而要把它们放到短语中:

  • 写下跟名词相关的形容词,反之亦然,比如,royal familyrich相关的词

  • 以结构的方式写下动词及与之相关的名词,如to express an opinion

  • 以短语的方式摘录名词,如in contact witha train setshades of opinion

  • 连带介词记下单词,比如at a high levelthanks to your help


Luke说:

1、rich vocabulary是例词,不用翻译,呵呵。

2、第二句话,翻译成:记录动词的时候,连带动词结构以及相关的名词也一并记录下来,这样表达比较清晰

3、同样的翻译成:记录单词的时候,把介词也一并记录下来

For instance, think of the word "mountain".  What are all the various adjectives that go with "mountain"?  Perhaps

  • high mountain

  • green mountain

  • rocky mountain

举个例子,我们看看“mountain”这个词。所有与“mountain”相关联的形容词有哪些?可能有:

  • high mountain (高山)

  • green mountain (青山)

  • rocky mountain (岩山)

 

Now, instead of learning just "rocky" or just "mountain", you've learned two new words, AND you've learned how to use them.

现在,您不只是学习“rocky”或“mountain”,而是学会了两个新词汇,并且学会了怎么运用它们。

You are embarking on a wonderful adventure. To help you on your way, here are some fantastic English language resources that will help you learn English vocabulary at a fast and furious clip. Here's what we've got for you:

您正开始一次美妙的冒险。为了帮助您展开学习之路,这里提供一些相当不错的英语学习资源,它们将有助于您以快速及狂热的进度学习词汇。以下是我们为您整理的信息:

Luke说:

1、adventure翻译成‘冒险’不好,那会把学单词的人吓跑的,呵呵。翻译成‘旅程’就挺好

2、这个‘clip’,确实不知道是什么用法,我已经向一个加拿大的朋友请教,等她答复吧。

LEARN ENGLISH WORDS 

Are you surprised whenever you come across English words that spell the same, but sound and mean different? Here's an example: "The bandage was wound around the wound". Fear not, we're here to clear the air in this section.

 

LEARN ENGLISH WORDS (学习英语单词)

您是否为所遇到的某些拼写相同而发音、含义不同单词而惊奇?这里有一个例子:“The bandage was wound around the wound”。不用怕,我们可为您消除这些疑虑。


 

BASIC ENGLISH VOCABULARY 

Learning Basic vocabulary can help you master English language in many fields.


 

BASIC ENGLISH VOCABULARY (基础英语词汇)

学会基本的词汇可帮助您掌握英语语言的方方面面。


 

VOCABULARY EXERCISES 

You can get access to free online English vocabulary quizzes and lessons to aid those who are learning ESL to increase their vocabulary, become more proficient in the use of the English language, and teach them all the little things they need to know to become professional speakers of the language.
 

 

VOCABULARY EXERCISES (词汇练习)

您可以获取免费的在线英语词汇测验和教程,这可帮助那些正在学习ESL的人增加词汇量,可更熟练的使用英语,并教会那些要成为专业讲师的人们一些必要的语言细节。

Luke说:

1、professional speaker原意应该是‘很熟练的使用这门语言的人’


ENGLISH LEARNING EXERCISES 

Get into the thick of English language in this section and shuttle between cool English words, practice grammar, or end up playing English games. After the laughter, you'll come out feeling like a wordsmith!
 

 

ENGLISH LEARNING EXERCISES (英语学习训练)

进入深层次的英语学习,穿梭于流行的词汇、语法练习、英文游戏之间。在笑声过后,您会感觉自己是个“词汇能手”。


LEARN ENGLISH IDIOMS 

If you want to learn English vocabulary, you have to figure out what idioms are all about. Idioms are a cluster of words that make an expression – they cannot and should not be taken literally. Plugging idioms in your conversation make your words bark and bite at the same time. This section will help you achieve that.
 

 

LEARN ENGLISH IDIOMS (学习英语成语)

如果您要学会英语词汇,你必须能推断成语的含义。成语是用于表达一定含义的单词组合—它们不能也不应该照字面含义进行理解。在您的谈话中插入成语会令您的语言增色不少。这部分将会帮助您达成这个目标。

Luke说:

1、bark and no bite是个成语,狗狗光叫不咬人,意思是‘光说不练’,那bark and bite意思就是‘不但要学习成语,还要在日常对话中练习、使用’的意思


LEARN ENGLISH ARTICLES 

English articles are of two types – definite (the) and indefinite (a, an). We can "definitely" tell you that browsing this section will make you master the English articles "indefinitely".
 

 

LEARN ENGLISH ARTICLES (学习英语文章)

英语文章有两种类型:确定的和不确定的。我们可以确定的(definitely)告诉您,浏览本节将会让您无止境(indefinitely)的掌握英语。

Luke说:

1、article是‘介词’的意思,definite是定冠词,indefinite是不定冠词


LEARN ENGLISH WRITING AS YOU LEARN ENGLISH VOCABULARY 

Okay, having picked up and learned English vocabulary from the previous sections, you now have to get a hang of writing proper English, using the right words – powerful words that will make an impact on the reader. The resources in this section will teach you how to write right.
 

 

LEARN ENGLISH WRITING AS YOU LEARN ENGLISH VOCABULARY (学习词汇的同时学习写作)

好吧,经过以上部分对词汇的整理和学习,您现在到了学习正确的写作的阶段了,使用正确的词汇—有力的词汇将会给读者留下深刻印象。这部分的资源将会教会您如何正确的写作。

Luke说:
1、这段的意思是通过以上几个阶段的英语词汇的学习,应该开始学习用英语写作了。
2、最后说,这篇文章的翻译是很不错的,真的很好,继续。

  • 相关文章:
  • quote 1.芦苇鸟窝
  • 非常感谢,又给我们提供这样好的英语学习资源。
    国庆旅途愉快!
    LukeLiu 于 10/30/2008 10:04:20 PM 回复
    谢谢鸟窝同学。
  • 9/28/2008 6:18:14 AM 回复该留言
  • quote 2.NO.10
  • 1、article是‘介词’的意思,definite是定冠词,indefinite是不定冠词

    笔误?冠词!呵呵~
  • 11/24/2008 8:27:27 PM 回复该留言
  • quote 3.NO.10
  • at a clip 是“一次”的意思。at a fast and furious clip 应该是“一下子(就可以迅速挤下很多词)”的意思吧?
    LukeLiu 于 11/27/2008 6:47:38 PM 回复
    No.10好,呵呵,是冠词,我搞错了。at a clip, 我觉得你理解的对,查字典,clip有‘猛击’的意思,在这里理解为‘一下子’,照上下文,还是比较通顺的,谢谢你。
  • 11/24/2008 8:34:09 PM 回复该留言

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