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Luke教你通过翻译学英语--第2课开始啦

    你好,如果你对下面的某个主题感兴趣,可以尝试翻译一下,遇到包含我们学过的词根的单词,你可以翻看以前的文章进行分复习。这些主题都是选自微软百科全书,很具权威性和知识性,都是一篇相对较长的文章,这是其中的一段,我们一课练习翻译一段,用一个星期的时间,翻译完了,并按前面说过的方法做了作业之后,可以发给我或者直接在评论里回复,我会帮你评说一番,记得哦,翻译练习是非常好的提高英语的一种方法,尤其是阅读能力:

 

第一个主题:如何学单词

原文:

When you learn English vocabulary, you will be able to communicate in what many consider to be a global language. It is the de facto official language of the Internet world. And the Internet, as you may know, is the world's largest marketplace that is going to be a part of everyone's psyche in the near future. The efforts you are making today will pay off very well in the long run.. Learning English vocabulary is a real challenge.  English grew from so many ancient languages -- Arabic, Chinese, Sanskrit even -- that it is not always consistent.  There is a strong influence of Germanic languages and Romantic languages too. 

Luke说:这篇是国外权威的描述如何学习英语单词的文章,注意哦,不是'背单词',单词不是背会的,而是学会的。感兴趣的,你可以选这个主题,等你学完,不定你也可以成为单词大师呢。

 
第二个主题:篮球
COURT AND TEAMS While the dimensions of individual basketball courts vary, a playing area 84 ft (25.6 m) long and 50 ft (15.2 m) wide—predominantly used in recreational, high school, and intercollegiate competition—is considered ideal for most players. Professional basketball courts are slightly larger, 94 ft (28.7 m) long and 50 ft wide. In addition to size, courts can vary in other ways, such as in the radius of the circle situated at the center of the court and in the distance of the 3-point line (from beyond which a score counts for 3 points) from the basket. For example, the 3-point line in high school and college games is 19 ft 9 in (6 m) from the basket, while in international play it is 21 ft 6 in (6.6 m), and in the National Basketball Association (NBA) it extends as far as 23 ft 9 in (7.2 m). The backboards were originally used to prevent spectators from interfering with play. They are generally 4 by 6 ft (1.2 by 1.8 m) and are connected to cast-iron rims, or baskets, that are 18 in (45.7 cm) in diameter. Each basket has a white, nylon-mesh net 15 to 18 in (38.1 to 45.7 cm) in length connected to iron loops on the rim.

Luke说:这篇介绍篮球的起源、发展、玩法,涉及很多篮球术语,对篮球兴趣的同学如果能够坚持把这篇学完,那将来看NBA实况转播没问题了。

第三个主题:文学赏析

原文:
INTRODUCTION

 

When Victor Hugo's novel Les Misérables first came out in 1862, people in Paris and elsewhere lined up to buy it. Although critics were less receptive, the novel was an instant popular success. The French word "misérables" means both poor wretches and scoundrels or villains. The novel offers a huge cast that includes both kinds of "misérables." A product of France's most prominent Romantic writer, Les Misérables ranges far and wide. It paints a vivid picture of Paris's seamier side, discusses the causes and results of revolution, and includes discourses on topics ranging from the Battle of Waterloo to Parisian street slang. But the two central themes that dominate the novel are the moral redemption of its main character, Jean Valjean, an ex-convict, and the moral redemption of a nation through revolution. The novel is a critical statement against human suffering, poverty, and ignorance. Its purpose is as much political as it is artistic.

Luke说:这篇是《悲惨世界》的文学赏析,也就是开篇说的,通过介绍小说的结构、任务、情节等要素,让你理解一部文学作品之所以成为名著的原因。

 

第四个主题:野外露营

原文:
TYPES OF CAMPING
 Camping takes many forms. In the 19th century American naturalist and explorer John Muir would set off into the woods with little more than a sack of food and a journal in which to write his thoughts. In the early 20th century American conservationist and philosopher Aldo Leopold paddled a canoe and rode horseback through the wilderness of the Midwest while taking notes for his books, including Game Management (1933) and A Sand County Almanac (1949). The works of Muir and Leopold, as well as writings by Americans Edward Abbey and Henry David Thoreau, have inspired others to spend time in the wilderness.

Luke说:这篇介绍露营的来历、好处、方法、分类等等。

第五个主题:罗马法

原文:
Twelve Tables, Law of the, earliest code of Roman law. It was formalized in 451-450 bc from existing oral law by ten magistrates, called decemvirs, and inscribed on tablets of bronze or wood, which were posted in the principal Roman Forum. According to tradition, the code was drawn up to appease the plebs, who maintained that their liberties were not adequately protected by the unwritten law as interpreted by patrician judges. Originally ten tablets of laws were inscribed; two more tablets were added the following year. The tablets were destroyed in the sack of Rome by the Gauls in 390 bc, but a number of the laws are known through references in later Latin literature. The Twelve Tables covered all categories of the law and also included specific penalties for various infractions. The code underwent frequent changes but remained in effect for almost 1000 years. See also Thematic Essay: Roman Political and Social Thought.

Luke说:

这篇文章说的是罗马法的来历已经对以后世界法律的影响,对法律感兴趣的同学,鼓励选择这篇。
  • 相关文章:
  • quote 1.LukeLiu
  • http://www.lukeliu.info
  • 原文:
    Camping provides an opportunity to experience nature firsthand. Campers participate in fishing, hunting, swimming, plant study, bird and wildlife watching, and nature photography. Just as importantly, camping helps people escape the stress of city life. It provides physical benefits when it involves hiking to, from, and around a campsite, and many outdoor enthusiasts believe that camping instills confidence in youngsters and offers older campers opportunities to challenge themselves in unfamiliar surroundings. Recent improvements in camping gear and a growing number of organizations that teach people wilderness safety have made it easier to spend several days or even weeks in the outdoors.

    翻译:露营给人们亲密接触大自然的机会,露营者可以钓鱼,打猎,游泳,进行植物研究,观察鸟类和野生生物以及拍摄一下大自然。同样重要的是,露营帮助人们逃离城市生活所带来的压力。当你徒步去营地,或者在营地周围徒步时,你能获得身体上的好处。许多户外爱好者相信,露营能增加年轻人的信心,并且给老年露营者在不熟悉的环境下提供挑战自我的机会。近来在露营装备上的改进,以及教人们在野外注意安全的团体数量的增加,使得人们在户外度过几天甚至几周都更容易。


    单词:

    provide [prә'vaid]v.供应, 供给, 准备, 预防, 规定

    【根】vid,vis=to see(看见)

    visual:adj.看的, 视觉的, 形象的, 栩栩如生的,

    visit:n&v. 参观,拜访,访问,视察,调查

    visa:n.签证v.签准;一种信用卡的名字:维萨信用卡。呵呵,没想到这个单词也是这个词根。

    vista ['vistә] n.狭长的景色, 街景, 展望, 回想

    television:电视,电视机,电视广播事业,电机学

    video ['vidiəu] a. 录像的 n. 录像(机) vt. 制作...的录像

    vidophone:可视电话



    opportunity [,ɔpә'tju:niti] n.机会, 时机

    firsthand: adj.直接的,直接得来的,第一手的,adv.直接地



    participate [pɑ:'tisipeit] vi.参与, 参加, 分享, 分担

    【根】part=part(部分),to part(分开)

    particular: n.细节,详细;adj.特殊的,特别的,独特的,详细的, 精确的, 挑剔,

    partial:a.部分的;偏爱的;偏心的

    particle:微粒, 粒子, 颗粒

    partner: n.合伙人, 股东, 舞伴, 伴侣;vt.与...合伙, 组成一对;vi.做伙伴, 当助手

    participant [pɑ:'tisipənt] n.参加者,参与者

    【根】ceive=to take(取)变化型 cept,cip,cipate

    receive:收到

    deceive v.欺骗, 行骗

    concept:观念,概念

    recept: n. 收条,收据;对相似物体之连续感觉而形成感觉,感受



    wacthing:观察,看守,监视,注意



    photography:摄影,摄影术

    【根】photo=light(光)

    【根】graph:画,写 由gram变形而来

    photosynthesis:光合作用

    photoelectric:光电的

    photometer [fəuˈtɔmitə] n.光度测定器;光度表

    photograph ['əutəgrɑ:f] n.照片,相片 v.拍照

    photography:摄影术



    benefit ['benifit] n.利益, 好处;vt.有益于, 有助于;vi.受益

    【根】bene-=well,good(与male-相反) 同义词bon-=bonus=good

    bonus:n. 奖金,红利. 年底了,大家是不是都有奖金发呢?

    benediction:n. 祝福,祈祷

    benefactor: 恩人,捐助者,赠送者 –fact-是做,为(to make, to do)的意思,benefactor就是做好事的人拉

    beneficial [,beni'fiʃəl] a.有益的,有利的

    beneficiary [,beni'fiʃəri] n.受惠者,(遗产的)受益人

    benevolence [bi'nevәlәns] n.仁爱心, 善行 vol=will意志,意志力的意思,做善事是要一直坚持的,意志力很重要哦

    benevolent [bi'nevələnt] a.仁慈的,善意的,慈善的(-ce一般是名词后缀,-t是形容词后缀)



    hike:n.徒步旅行;增加 vi.徒步旅行 vt.提高

    enthusiast [in'θju:ziæst] n.热衷者,渴慕者,对…热心的人



    instill [in'stil] vt.慢慢地灌输

    【根】still=drop(滴)

    still作为形容词, 原意是静止,不动的意思.词典里面说在这个单词里面是drop滴的意思,Luke告诉我,在拉丁语里stilla是drop的意思。我是这样联想的:也许是因为其动作很缓慢,看起来像静止一样吧。



    confidence ['kɔnfidәns] n.信心

    【根】-ance 表示抽象名词的字尾 变化型 -ancy,-ence,-ency

    【根】fid=to trust(相信)

    fidelity [fi'deliti] n.忠实, 诚实, 忠诚, 保真度, (收音机, 录音设备等的)逼真度, 保真度, 重现精度

    confidant [,kɔnfi'dænt]/ ['kɔnfidænt] n.心腹朋友, 知己

    confide [kәn'faid] v.倾诉, 委托, 信赖

    confident ['kɔnfidənt] a.确信的, 肯定的; 有信心的, 自信的

    confidential [,kɔnfi'denʃəl] a.秘(机)密的;表示信任的;担任机密工作的



    youngster ['jʌŋstә] n.年青人, 少年 【根】-ster 表示"人"的名词字尾

    gear [giə] n.齿轮,传动装置;设备,衣服 vt.使适应

    wilderness:荒野,荒地,杂乱的一堆,不受控制的状态



    短语:

    paticipate in:参与,参加

    just as:同样地,正如



    感受:我发现很多单词总是发音错误,所以大部分单词我都注上了音标。学习贵在坚持,我要加油。
    由 LukeLiu 于 1/9/2009 12:37:13 PM 最后编辑
  • 1/9/2009 12:35:37 PM 回复该留言
  • quote 2.LukeLiu
  • http://www.lukeliu.info
  • 上面是一位上海的同学按照要求做的作业,非常的好,发在这里作为范本。作业是督促自己学习的一个手段,是一个压力。
  • 1/9/2009 12:39:21 PM 回复该留言
  • quote 3.No.10
  • TYPES OF CAMPING
    Camping takes many forms. In the 19th century American naturalist and explorer John Muir would set off into the woods with little more than a sack of food and a journal in which to write his thoughts. In the early 20th century American conservationist and philosopher Aldo Leopold paddled a canoe and rode horseback through the wilderness of the Midwest while taking notes for his books, including Game Management (1933) and A Sand County Almanac (1949). The works of Muir and Leopold, as well as writings by Americans Edward Abbey and Henry David Thoreau, have inspired others to spend time in the wilderness.
    露营
    露营的形式有很多种。19世纪,美国自然主义者,探险家John Muir 仅带上一带食物和一本用于记录自己想法的日记就上路了。20世纪早期,美国自然保护学家及哲学家Aldo Leopold凭借驾驶独木舟及骑马穿越了广袤的中西部,并一路上为自己的书作了笔记,其中就包括后来的Management (1933)和A Sand County Almanac (1949)。他们的著作及其他一些美国作家,如Edward Abbey and Henry David Thoreau的作品,一直激励着后人的荒野之旅。
    LukeLiu 于 1/9/2009 7:49:33 PM 回复
    哇喔,No10翻译的非常好啊,不仅是英文,可见中文功力也是很深厚啊,向你学习。
    No.10 于 1/12/2009 5:29:30 PM 回复
    呵呵~过奖了~!相互学习才对!上次答应你的整理词根的任务还在进行之中~实在不好意思啊!实在太忙了~有个问题,好像个别的词根链接有问题!
    LukeLiu 于 1/16/2009 9:30:18 AM 回复
    嗯,确实的,个别早期学过的词根,没有很严格的按照‘被解释的词根’标Tag,而是只要出现的词根,就标tag,这样就有问题了。我计划逐步整理纠正过来。
  • 1/9/2009 6:28:35 PM 回复该留言
  • quote 4.xjbigsun
  • I select the part two "basketball"

    篮球的场地有不同的尺寸,25.6×15.2米的尺寸适合高中,该尺寸也适合大学期间的比赛,对大多数人比较适合,专业比赛的场地要大些,它的尺寸是 28.7×15.2米 ,另外场地的规划也是不同的,比如三分球 (从圆弧顶点到篮筐的距离),高中及大学的距离是6米,国际比赛的距离是6.6米,而NBA的距离是 7.2米,篮板最初用来防止观众干扰比赛,它的尺寸是 1.2m*1.8m , 连着铁质的篮筐及篮网,篮筐的直径是45.7cm, 每一个篮筐尼龙网,上部直径45.7cm ,下部直径 38.1cm 。
    LukeLiu 于 1/16/2009 9:31:19 AM 回复
    Bigsun的翻译非常好呢。
  • 1/11/2009 9:11:06 PM 回复该留言
  • quote 5.Angela
  • LUke老师,你好,最近给你发邮件一直发不了,不论用什么邮箱发
    我是上海的Angela,hl523@126.com
    我今天回家,不能上网了,学习要中断两周
    谢谢Luke老师
    我回来了跟你联系
    祝你新年快乐
  • 1/20/2009 1:03:48 AM 回复该留言

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