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Luke免费英语词汇培训之通过翻译学英语--第3课开始啦

   

    又一个星期过去了,在过去的这个星期里,不少的同学都进行了不错的学习,作业做得认真,很多的同学还发来感想,说这样的方式,使得自己可以真正坐下来学习英语,收获良多,那很好,我们继续第3课:

 

第一个主题:如何学单词

Luke说:这篇是国外权威的描述如何学习英语单词的文章,注意哦,不是'背单词',单词不是背会的,而是学会的。感兴趣的,你可以选这个主题,等你学完,不定你也可以成为单词大师呢。

原文:

Don't try to learn 50 or 100 English words all at once. When you learn English vocabulary in small chunks, you will discover that the new words will become part of your "working" vocabulary much faster.  And, just think -- learning just 3 new words a day for a year means that you will have learned about 1,000 new English vocabulary words!  Keep track of your progress and you will amaze yourself on how much you will learn.

Learning vocabulary is a basic tool to improve your English .There are at least 500,000 words in English.  The native English speaker uses an average of 5,000 words in his/her everyday speech. And only 50 words make up 45% of everything written in English.

 

第二个主题:篮球
Luke说:这篇介绍篮球的起源、发展、玩法,涉及很多篮球术语,对篮球兴趣的同学如果能够坚持把这篇学完,那将来看NBA实况转播没问题了。
原文:
In the early days of its development, basketball was played with a soccer ball. Today, the standard basketball is generally orange or brown in color, with an outer cover of leather or nylon and a pebbled (indented) surface to help players grip and control the ball. In men's play, a basketball is 29.5 to 30 in (74.9 to 76.2 cm) in circumference and 20 to 22 oz (567 to 624 g) in weight. In women's play the basketball can be slightly smaller and lighter, 28.5 to 29 in (72.4 to 73.7 cm) in circumference and 18 to 20 oz (510 to 567 g) in weight. The standard basketball uniform consists of sneakers, socks, a tank-top shirt, and shorts. Uniforms are often elaborately designed and manufactured from synthetic fabrics such as nylon, rayon, and polyester. Each player's uniform has a number, for identification, that is usually displayed on both sides of the shirt. Sometimes the player's name is displayed on the back of the shirt as well.
 

第三个主题:文学赏析

Luke说:这篇是《悲惨世界》的文学赏析,也就是开篇说的,通过介绍小说的结构、任务、情节等要素,让你理解一部文学作品之所以成为名著的原因。

原文:
VICTOR HUGO

 

As a novelist, poet, political activist, and painter, Victor Hugo was a central figure in the Romantic movement of 19th-century France. Both his family and his times influenced Hugo's social views and politics, which included a deep concern with human rights, social injustice, and poverty as the root of evil. Born in Besançon, France, in 1802, Hugo grew up in the years of Napoleon Bonaparte's empire. In 1815 the empire collapsed at the battle of Waterloo, which Hugo describes in detail in Les Misérables, and a constitutional monarchy was established. Hugo’s father was a general in the Napoleonic army with republican sympathies while his middle-class mother had royalist leanings. The young Hugo spent a large part of his childhood in Paris with his mother. He also traveled through Europe in his father's wake and glimpsed the Napoleonic campaigns. After attending school in Paris, he married his childhood love, Adèle Foucher, in 1822.

 

In that same year, Hugo published his first volume of poetry, the beginning of a long and diverse literary career that also included drama and novels.

 

第四个主题:野外露营

Luke说:这篇介绍露营的来历、好处、方法、分类等等。

Modern enthusiasts may share the emotions of earlier naturalists, along with their desire to experience nature, but they usually camp in a different manner. Backpacking most closely resembles the type of camping practiced by Muir and Leopold. Other campers drive to a campsite, setting up camp near their car or camping in a recreational vehicle.

第五个主题:罗马法

Luke说:第二课,没有同学选法律,所以Luke考虑停掉这个专题的学习,各位同学有没有比较好的建议,选个其他专题,或者有现成的文章,可以告诉Luke。

  • 相关文章:
  • quote 1.Monolas
  • 不知何故邮件怎么都发不过去……只好发这里……
    The text
    Don't try to learn 50 or 100 English words all at once. When you learn
    English vocabulary in small chunks, you will discover that the new
    words will become part of your "working" vocabulary much faster. And,
    just think -- learning just 3 new words a day for a year means that
    you will have learned about 1,000 new English vocabulary words! Keep
    track of your progress and you will amaze yourself on how much you
    will learn.
    Learning vocabulary is a basic tool to improve your English .There are
    at least 500,000 words in English. The native English speaker uses an
    average of 5,000 words in his/her everyday speech. And only 50 words
    make up 45% of everything written in English.


    Translation
    别想着突然学下五十一百个单词。英语单词要小块小块地学的话,你会发现要把生词变成自己的基础词汇会快得多("working"
    此处取"有起码的基础的; 临时的"的意思?)。再说,想想吧——每天就学3个新词,一年下来就是说你就已经学下了1000个左右的新单词!记录你的学习进程,你会对你自己学到的量感到惊讶。
    学习单词是提高英语的基本工具。英语中至少有500000个单词。母语是英语的人的在日常会话中平均使用5000个单词(native
    speaker感觉很难译到位)。而50个常用词就占了所有用英语写成的资料的45%。

    Vocabulary
    chunk n. 大块; 矮胖的人或物(无词根?)

    Root

    nat-=born(出生;天生)
    nativism 本土主义,先天论
    nativity n. 出生,诞生
    natal adj. 出生的,诞生的
    naive adj. 天真的,幼稚的
    naivete n. 天真浪漫无邪

    -ive:形容词词尾

    bas-:基础的(新词根?)
    basement 地下室
    basal 底部的
    abase 贬抑
    debase vt.贬低, 降低

    voc-:声音
    vocation 职业; 行业适合性, 才能使命, 天职
    advocate n,提倡者, 拥护者辩护律师, 辩护人,vt,提倡, 主张,ad-是'to'的意思
    convocation n, 召集,正式集会
    evoke vt,产生, 引起, 唤起
    invoke vt,援引, 援用; 行使(权利等)祈求救助恳求; 乞求
    provoke vt,激起; 惹怒
    revoke vt,撤销, 取消, 废除

    Phrases
    all at once 突然地
    at once 马上
    once and for all 这一次且为最後一次
    keep track of 记录
    cover one's tracks 掩盖行动; 藏匿自己的行踪或计划
    amaze sb. on 在某方面使人惊奇

    感想:能挖出来的新词还是不多……严重觉得自己虽然能看的懂就是怎么都译得很古怪很生硬。
  • 1/18/2009 7:58:31 AM 回复该留言

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